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Home » News » FSU Professor Emeritus Sally Sommer brings Historical Perspective to Tap on CBS Sunday Morning

FSU Professor Emeritus Sally Sommer brings Historical Perspective to Tap on CBS Sunday Morning

Published May 11, 2021
Story Courtesy of CBS Sunday MorningStory produced by Sara Kugel. Editor: Carol Ross.


“I’m a tap dancer,” said Jason Samuels Smith. “Some people would say a hoofer. Some people would say foot percussionist. Some people would say organic mathematician!”

There are a lot of ways to describe Samuels Smith, but the best way to understand what he does is to listen.

Correspondent Faith Salie said, “Until talking to you, it never occurred to me that dancers can dance to music, but when you tap dance, you are the music. When you dance, what message do you want your audience to get?”

“I want people to feel something,” Samuels Smith replied. “I want them to feel my experience, my thoughts. We can express that range through this dance sometimes better than words.

For Samuels Smith, it goes a step further. It’s about honoring tap dancing’s roots, and his own. “Tap was kind of a language that was developed for people to establish their own freedom,” he said.

Dance historian and Florida State University professor emerita Sally Sommer agrees: “If you wanna know about the history of America, maybe you should study the history of tap.”

It’s a history that dates back to the 1600s, when enslaved Africans were brought to America. “If everything’s taken from you, and all that’s left is your body, you’re going to make art with your body,” said Sommer.

That dance continued to evolve through the 18th and 19th centuries as America became a melting pot of cultures and rhythms

“The Irish and the Scots who came in early and often were indentured servants, came in with, also, a family of step dances,” Sommer said. “The African dancer, traditionally, danced with bare feet on bare earth. The Irish step dancer generally danced on a wooden floor, sometimes with special shoes, sometimes not.”

A homegrown kind of dance emerged, finding its footing in burgeoning New York City, in a Lower East Side neighborhood called Five Points. Sommer said, “It happened in the down-and-out places. It happened where nothing joyful was supposed to happen.”

That joy continued, as tap shuffled into the 20th century, from minstrel shows to vaudeville and then Broadway. Eventually Hollywood got happy feet, too … lots of them!